Types of Traps | Wild Pig Info | Mississippi State University Extension Service (2023)

Trap efficiency is important, so keep in mind that catch size is a limiting factor with certain types of traps. Factors to consider when selecting the type of pig trap that will best meet your needs are

  • sounder size
  • affordability
  • weight and portability
  • presence and numbers of nontarget species such as deer or black bear


Types of Traps | Wild Pig Info | Mississippi State University Extension Service (1) Double Gate Camo
Types of Traps | Wild Pig Info | Mississippi State University Extension Service (2) Double Gate No Camo
(Video) Building a Hog Trap


Pros of Using a Box Trap

Box traps are simple to construct and less expensive than commercial traps made of steel. Also, because they are collapsible they require less space for transport and storage.

Cons of Using a Box Trap

Catch size per trapping effort is limited to a small number of pigs. The wooden panels of the box trap present a more confining appearance than wire panel traps, and they require more long-term maintenance. Also, the 8-foot side panels are heavy and can be difficult for one person to handle alone.


Box traps are rectangular or square structures made of wood fence panels constructed from 2-by-4-inch and 1-by-4-inch or 1-by-6-inch boards.


The most common box trap design is 4 feet wide, 8 feet long, and 5 feet high with no fixed top or bottom. (A top is not necessary because the 5-foot-high side panels prevent pigs from climbing out). Jump bars or corner covers can be installed to prevent captured pigs from climbing out of box traps. However, do not cover a trap's top entirely. See link on nontarget species.

Trap Doors

The trap is usually equipped with a single-catch wooden drop door, but it also can be equipped with a trap door, such as the saloon-style door. Box traps are heavy enough that pigs usually are unable to root under the sides and use their head to lift the trap and escape. However, it is still best to secure box traps by driving a steel T-post into the ground opposite corners of the front and back and fastening the trap sides to the T-posts with wire.

The box trap can be transported in panels and assembled on location using 3-inch exterior decking screws (nails are not recommended). A trip wire or root stick is the best trigger mechanism to use with box traps.

Types of Traps | Wild Pig Info | Mississippi State University Extension Service (3)


Pros of Using a Cage Trap

Cage traps may have an advantage over wooden box traps because the wire panel construction is thought to present a more open and less confining appearance to wild pigs. Also, the trap designs usually allow for easy one-person transport and setup.

(Video) Wild Hog Research Project

Cons of Using a Cage Trap

Catch size per trapping effort is limited to a small numbers of pigs. Traps with overhead panels are reason for concern because they can prevent the escape or release of nontarget species such as deer and black bear.


Cage traps are constructed from heavy-gauge wire livestock panels welded to a steel angle iron or square tubing frame.


The most common cage trap design is a rectangular enclosure ranging in size from 4 feet high, 6 feet long, and 4 feet wide to 5 feet high, 12 feet long, and 4 feet wide.

A more recent design is a circular cage trap with wire livestock panels welded to a round steel frame (similar to livestock hay rings). The advantage of this design is its portability; it can be rolled onto a trailer or rolled along the ground.

Another design is similar to the box trap and is made up of wire livestock panels welded to individual steel frames and fastened together with pins or bolts.

Panels and Doors

Commercially available cage traps often have both a top (overhead) and bottom (floor) panel and are equipped with a spring-loaded, single-catch or multicatch trap door at one end of the cage.

Cage traps less than 5 feet tall should include a top panel to prevent pigs from escaping over the sides. Bottom or floor panels are not necessary for well-built cage traps. In fact, many experienced pig trappers recommend not using floor panels. Their reasoning is that most pigs do not like the feel of the wire panel underfoot and will balk at fully entering the trap.

To prevent large pigs caught in this type of trap from lifting the trap and escaping underneath the side panels, wire the trap to T-posts driven into the ground at opposite front and back corners.

Types of Traps | Wild Pig Info | Mississippi State University Extension Service (4) Cage Trap for Wild Pigs
Types of Traps | Wild Pig Info | Mississippi State University Extension Service (5) Round Cage Trap for Wild Boar
Types of Traps | Wild Pig Info | Mississippi State University Extension Service (6) Wild Pig in a Cage Trap
(Video) Swine Transport Presentation 1-10-12


Pros of Using a Corral Trap

Corral size can be easily adjusted by adding or taking away livestock panels, allowing the trap to be enlarged for larger sounders. The open top allows for the escape of nontarget species, and the trap’s larger size combined with the open appearance of the livestock panels may appear less threatening to trap-shy pigs.

Cons of Using a Corral Trap

Corral traps require more setup time than box and cage traps. The 16-foot livestock panels may need to be cut in half for transport, thus requiring more assembly time and effort, and tree roots in wooded habitats sometime pose a problem for driving and pulling T-posts. A T-post “puller” is a wise investment.

View plans for a corral trap

Corral traps are the most effective type of trap for catching large groups of pigs. Though corral traps can vary in shape, many experienced pig trappers recommend a circular trap because it prevents captured pigs from piling into corners and escaping over the top.


Corral traps can be constructed using heavy-gauge wire or U-bolts to fasten 16-foot by 5-foot welded wire livestock panels to 6½-foot steel T-posts. Corral traps require more setup time, but the potential capture rates are much higher. Three or four 16-foot by 5-foot panels will produce a trap of sufficient size for catching most sounder groups. You can easily expand the trap’s size by adding more livestock panels.

(Video) Renew May 2021

How To Build It

To build a circular corral trap, begin by overlapping the livestock panel ends 1 foot and securing the adjoining ends using nylon zip ties or cable ties. Be sure to leave two panel ends free to accommodate the trap door. (Either a single-catch or multicatch trap door can be used.) Next, shape the corral by pushing or pulling the joined panels in or out as you work them into a circle. Once the corral is fashioned to your liking, set the trap door in place and drive T-posts into the ground immediately next to and on each side of the trap door. Attach the loose panel ends securely to both the trap door frame and T-posts with heavy-gauge wire.

Trap Door

If using a trap door that does not extend to a height of 5 feet, you will need to account for the height difference to prevent pigs from jumping over the trap door. There are two ways to do this:

  1. If the trap door is positioned between the ends of two livestock panels as described above, use a piece of livestock panel or other heavy-duty mesh wire to cover the opening above the trap door.
  2. Simply cut an opening for the trap door in the middle of one of the 16-foot livestock panels. Be sure to install T-posts on each side of the trap door for additional support and use heavy-gauge wire to attach the door to the livestock panel and T-posts.

With the trap door securely in place, finish the trap by working your way around the corral and driving a T-post in the ground every 8 feet on the outside of the panels (at the overlapped ends and the middle of each panel). For additional reinforcement, include an extra T-post four feet on each side of the door (the brunt of escape efforts will be focused on either side of the door). Use heavy-gauge wire to fasten the livestock panels to the T-posts every 1 foot beginning at ground level (five per T-post). Another option is to use U-bolts as fasteners (two to three per T-post).

Types of Traps | Wild Pig Info | Mississippi State University Extension Service (7) Corral Trap Outfitted with a Single-catch Wooden Drop Door.
Types of Traps | Wild Pig Info | Mississippi State University Extension Service (8) Corral Trap Outfitted with a Multi-catch Root Door.
Types of Traps | Wild Pig Info | Mississippi State University Extension Service (9) Wild Pigs Captured in a Corral Trap
Types of Traps | Wild Pig Info | Mississippi State University Extension Service (10) U-Bolt
Types of Traps | Wild Pig Info | Mississippi State University Extension Service (11) U-Bolt fastening a livestock panel to t-post
(Video) Farmweek | Wild Hog Trapping | August 24, 2017

Livestock Panels

Livestock panels used in constructing wild pig traps should be of at least 4-gauge size and no less than 5 feet high. Though it is not impossible, only the rarest of pigs can jump a 5-foot-tall panel. A mesh size of 4 inches square or smaller will prevent small pigs from escaping through the panels.


Types of Traps | Wild Pig Info | Mississippi State University Extension Service? ›

Prefabricated box traps

A trapper is a person who engages in animal trapping.
https://en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Trapper_(disambiguation)
and cage traps are more convenient from a logistics point of view and do not have to be constructed on-site, but larger corral-style traps allow for whole sounder (family group) removal per trapping effort.

What are the different types of pig traps? ›

There are four basic trap types: box traps, cage traps, corral traps, and silo traps. There are also several gate and trigger options that can be used with each trap type. You should choose a trap and gate type that is most efficient and cost effective for your needs.

What is the best pig trap design? ›

The heart-shaped design is very popular and effective. This trap is shaped as a heart with the two lobes forming the funnel of the trap. Funnel door design traps may not be as effective with trap-shy pigs, as they must push their way into the trap.

What is a corral trap? ›

Corral traps are a popular and effective method of controlling feral hogs. They are capable of catching entire sounders (groups of hogs) in one capture. Most corral traps are made of 20- by 5-ft utility panels with 4- by 4-inch square mesh and steel T-posts.

What is a sounder pig? ›

Wild hogs can be found in social units called sounders. These sounders usually include one or several mature sows with one or more generation of offspring. A sounder can be comprised of a few individuals to several dozen.

What are the 3 primary types of traps? ›

Traps can be broken down into three basic types: footholds, body-grips and hunting snares.

What are the three 3 types of pig? ›

According to the instruction manual on evaluation (1976) there are three types of pig breeds, namely, general-purpose, meat (pork and bacon), and lard.

What is the most efficient pig? ›

The longer a pig takes to reach market weight, the more feed it will consume, which increases costs. Berkshire pigs are one of the most efficient pig breeds in terms of growth and reproduction.

What is the best pig calibre? ›

The . 308 is one of the best calibers for hog hunting and has the power to put them down cleanly. Not to mention, you can find rifles chambered in . 308 Win.

What is a pipeline pig trap? ›

The typical pigging system consists of a pig, a launcher, and a receiver, collectively known as the “pig trap.” The pig is a cylindrical device that travels the length of a pipeline by being pulled by a string or using the force of a fluid flowing through the line.

What is a clover trap? ›

Clover traps are a passive capture technique. Once the trap is set, it is unmanned. Deer enter the baited trap and hit a trip wire. A net door falls down capturing them in the trap. PGC personnel monitor set Clover traps daily, but a captured deer may have to wait a few hours to be processed.

What is a box trap? ›

Cage traps are sometimes called box traps or live traps. They are used to take animals alive, and the trap is in the shape of a box. The animal enters the box and a door closes behind it. The advantage of cage traps is they do not grip the animal, making release easy.

What are the different types of pig roasters? ›

Rotisserie over an open fire, roasting underground, pit smoker, and La Caja China style boxes are just four of the numerous ways to roast a pig.

What are the different types of pig nipples? ›

Bite nipples, wet feeding nipples and spray nipples are the most commonly used pig nipples.

What are the different types of trapper traps? ›

Types. Most of the traps used for mammals can be divided into six types: foothold traps, body gripping traps, snares, deadfalls, cages, and glue traps.

What are the different types of feeding system for pigs? ›

Producers can utilize traditional dry feeders, wet-dry feeders, round feeders, or tube feeders in all phases of production. Each feeder type must be managed differently, and has its own advantages and disadvantages.


1. Swine Transportation Presentation Update June 2012
(Tennessee Wildlife Resources Agency)
2. Examining the Wild Hog Problem, Farmweek August 5, 2016
3. Feral Hogs Management
(Congressional Sportsmen's Foundation)
4. Feral Hogs Impacts on Agriculture and Wildlife in Texas
(TAMU Wildlife and Fisheries Extension)
5. Swine Transportation Presentation Update Oct 2013
(Tennessee Wildlife Resources Agency)
6. Wild Pig Impacts on Water Quality with Dr. John Brooks | Field, Lab, Earth Podcast #39


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